IVF & ICSI

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What is IVF & ICSI?

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intra Cytoplasm Sperm Injection (ICSI)

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) was introduced 30 years ago and since then millions of children have been born thanks to this unique use of science.

Originally developed to assist conception in women who have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, IVF was so successful it is now being used to treat other causes of infertility, such as sperm disorders, unexplained infertility and endometriosis.

IVF involves adding prepared sperm to a dish containing eggs or injecting a single sperm inside the egg (ICSI). The sperm swim to the eggs and attempt to fertilise them. Once fertilised, the embryos are monitored and transferred back into the uterus at the correct time.

Intra Cytoplasm Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI is an assisted reproductive procedure used as part of a wider IVF program. This fertility treatment is used mainly in cases of male infertility when the quality of the sperm is causing infertility. ICSI involves selecting a single sperm which is injected into an egg. The eggs can be sourced either from the intended mother or a donor egg (frozen or fresh).

Who is ICSI for?

ICSI is often recommended if other problems with the sperm have been identified that:

  • Prevent sperm binding to the egg
  • Cause failure to fertilise or an unexpectedly low fertilisation rate (below 20%)
  • Have been collected from the testicles or epididymis (TESA/PESA)

Please download our IVF leafletĀ here.

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